Lyon – the historical city which story has to be shown.
So, lets start from the beginning, shall we. I think LYON deserved to be shown from its historical background. Me, who is not such a big fan of history subjects, now being a bit older and mature, I do appreciate the fact on how the history is not only about dates to be remembered but the history shaped us and created us the way we are. We learned from it or we still can …anyway, lets get back to LYON. As it is such an amazing city, what has come to the circumstances on creating it to be so unique, special and amazing?
Well, it all started in one of my favourite places in Lyon – on Fourvière Hill. It was Julius Cesar who established a military camp there. Fourvier was a crossroad at the intersection of the Saône and Rhône rivers, it was situated half way between the North and the South of France. So for the war of the Gauls, it was a strategic point . In 43 BC, when the Romans arrived, the Lugdunum (Lugdunum, meaning the ‘city of light’) was created. Lugdunum become Romans second only to Rome in importance city. The city was growing into power and wealth. It was an easy location for commerce to flourish, a strategic meeting point between the North and the Mediterranean, and the place from which the conquests of Britain and Germany departed. At the same time Lutèce — the future Paris — was still a small, insignificant and dirty place. So as as the capital of the Three Gauls, Lyon has continued to play a major role in Europe’s political, cultural and economic development ever since
You can still see the vestiges of the original Roman city on Fourvière Hill. This tradition which has been gained by the city is still continued to the present day. Each evening, in the city of lightsover 100 Lyon’s sites are lit to show the splendour of its architecture.
Another thing which reminds us of the Lyon’s past are so called traboules. You cannot miss them when visiting the city as they are all around Lyon. The traboules are covered passageways created during the Renaissance, initially as shortcuts, although they later became escape routes for the French Resistance during WWII. You can learn more about the history of traboules here
At that time the city became an important and wealthy trade centre, it got famous for its fairs and its silk industry.
I know I will sound boring on here, but another my favourite place in Lyon is the area of Croix-Rousse. It also became famous due to its canuts (or silk-weavers) who worked there. On the Soierie Vivante, 21 rue Richan, you can see the last authentic family silk weaving workshops.If you want to learn more about the famous cancuts, visit this guide and check out the photos and info.
There is also memorial to Joseph-Marie Jacquard at the centre of the place de la Croix-Rousse. Joseph-Marie Jacquard played an important part in the silk trad. He developed a new type of silk loom at the beginning of the 19th century. Thanks to this Lyon become a centre for the silk industry.
There are many more sites, places and monuments worth discovering in Lyon from its connection to the past. The history of Lyon is illustrated by its urban fabric and the many fine historic buildings from all periods wouldn’t like to overwhelmed you with the amount of information but just to show you that Lyon carries a lot of history links which has been developing the state of the very profitable and popular, big and growing into power French city.